BIOL - Cloning of Plants and Animals
Biology, cloning, micropropagation, Dolly the sheep - IGCSE | IBDP | DSE | GCE | IAL | AP Biology
Cloning is the process of producing genetically identical organisms.
For IGCSE Biology, you should understand cloning processes for plants and for mammals.
Micropropagation (tissue culture)
Micropropagation is the main method for cloning plants in vitro. In vitro means that the experiment is done outside the normal biological context; in short, it means that the experiment is done in a controlled environment in a lab.
Stages of micropropagation (also called tissue culture):
Why do we need to do micropropagation?
By cloning plants, it is possible to produce a large quantity of genetically identical plants.
The first mammal to be cloned was Dolly the sheep. Dolly was born in 1996 in the UK and died in 2003.
The process that gave birth to Dolly:
Cloning Transgenic Animals
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