Where does respiration take place?
1. Breathing system
Oxygen is inhaled into the body and diffused through the voila into the red blood cells
2. Digestive system
Enzymes break down carbohydrates into small glucose molecules which are transported around the body in the circulatory system
3. Digestive system
This system transports oxygen and glucose to different organs to carry out respiration
- The chemical reactions take place inside cells controlled by enzymes
- Aerobic respiration is mainly carried out inside the mitochondria
- This is commonly known as the powerhouse of the cells because this is where the energy from aerobic respiration is released
- Cells which require/use large amounts of energy such as muscle cells have lots of mitochondria in the cytoplasm
6CO2 + C6H12O6 ---> 6H2O + 6CO2 + 38 ATP
- Within this equation for aerobic respiration, water and carbon dioxide are the waste products
- Many organ systems in the body have a range of functions.Some of these systems work together such as oxygen systems involved in respiration
- Aerobic respirations take place continuously in both plants and animals
What is the energy used for?
The energy released from respiration is used for 4 main functions:
- Building up small molecules into complex structures
- Muscle contractions (movements)
- Thermoregulation (keeping the body the same temperature)
- Active transport (the movement of substances against the concentration gradient)
Glucose ---> Lactic Acid + Energy
- Anaerobic respiration occurs when there is a short supply of oxygen
- It allows the body to release energy in some cells when no oxygen is available
- Lactic acid is toxic and damages muscles if it is not removed quickly
The recovery period is when our body brings back oxygen concentrations to normal, this oxygen is used to break down the lactic acid which has built up from anaerobic respiration.
Glucose -> lactic acid + energy + oxygen ---> carbon dioxide + water
That's the end of today's topic!
Drafted by Yoshi (Biology)