Have you ever seen this? Well I'm guessing you all must be thinking mushroom that we eat or mushrooms that are easily found in jungle. These are called Fungi. There are different kind of fungi like mushroom or molds or even athelet's foot. We will further discuss about their features and clear some misconceptions that a lot of student have.
More about Fungi:
- Fungi are eukaryotic organisms; i.e., their cells contain membrane-bound organelles and nuclei
- Their body is usually organised into a mycellium made from a thread-like structures called hyphae, which contains many nuclei.
- They are also not able to carry out Photosynthesis so they get nutrition in a very different way. 🌱
How does Fungi get nutrition?
Fungus have different way of attaining nutrition as they cannot carry out photosynthesis. Lets have a look how fungi attain nutrition.
- Saprotrophic Nutrition - Fungi obtains nutrition from non- living organic matter from dead and decaying animal or a plant. Hyphae helps fungi to obtain nutrients as it releases digestive enzyme to the surroundings from hyphal tips to decompose dead animals and plants. The digestion happens outside in the surrounding and it is absorbed back to the fungus by Hyphae. 👽
Hyphae is a branching filament that makes up the mycelium of a fungus 🤓
- They also feed on living hosts. Since they are parasitic, they release digestive enzymes to digest living tissue and cause the host to fall sick. For example, athlete's foot.
- They can also mutually live with other organism. They live harmlessly with other organisms. For example Lichens 🤓
Lichens are formed from fungi and algae live in Mutual relationship. Algae carries out photosynthesis and provides nutrition to fungi while fungi provides shelter. 😊
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